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            【干貨】熱處理行業常用詞中英文對照(趕緊收藏)

            時間:2019-05-06 17:38:03 來源:遠拓機電

            目前我國的金屬熱處理行業處于發展階段,為了更好的提高金屬熱處理設備技術工藝,不斷的學習新技術、新工藝,但是國外先進的熱處理行業技術工藝我們不一定看的懂。為了促進國內熱處理行業的發展,遠拓機電廠為您整理的熱處理行業常用詞中英文對照,希望能夠幫到您。
             
            奧氏體austenite
             
            奧氏體本質晶粒度austenite inhorent grain size
             
            奧氏體化austenitization, austenitii zing
             
            B
             
            白口鑄鐵white cast iron
             
            白銅white brass, copper-nickel alloy
             
            板條馬氏體lath martensite
             
            棒材bar
             
            包晶反應peritectic reaction
             
            薄板thin sheet
             
            薄膜技術thin film technique
             
            貝氏體bainite
             
            本質晶粒度inherent grain size
             
            比強度strength-to-weight ratic
             
            變質處理inoculation, modification
             
            變質劑modifying agent,modificator
             
            表面處理surface treatment
             
            表面粗糙度surface roughness
             
            表面淬火surface quenching
             
            表面腐蝕surface corrosion
             
            表面硬化surface hardening
             
            玻璃glass
             
            玻璃態vitreous state, glass state
             
            玻璃鋼glass fiber reinforced plastics
             
            玻璃纖維glass fiber
             
            不可熱處理的non-heat-treatable
             
            不銹鋼stainless steel
             
            布氏硬度Brinell hardness
             
            C
             
            材料強度strength ofmaterial
             
            殘余奧氏體residual austenite
             
            殘余變形residual deformation
             
            殘余應力residual stress
             
            層狀珠光體lamellar pearlite
             
            超導金屬superconducting metal
             
            成核nucleate, nucleation
             
            成形forming, shaping
             
            成長growth, growing
             
            磁材料magnetic materials
             
            沖擊韌性impact toughness
             
            純鐵pure iron
             
            粗晶粒coarse grain
             
            脆性brittleness
             
            脆性斷裂brittle fracture
             
            淬火quenching, quench
             
            淬透性hardenability
             
            淬硬性hardenability
             
            D
             
            帶材baud, strip
             
            單晶single crystal, unit crystal
             
            單體monomer, element
             
            氮化層nitration case
             
            氮化物nitride
             
            刀具cutting tool
             
            導磁性magnetic conductivity
             
            導電性electric conductivity
             
            導熱性heat conductivity, thermal conductivity
             
            導體conductor
             
            等離子堆焊plasma surfacing
             
            等離子弧噴涂plasma spraying
             
            等離子增強化學氣相沉積Plasma chemical vapour deposition (PCVD)
             
            等溫轉變曲線isothermal transformation curve
             
            低合金鋼low alloy steel
             
            低碳鋼low carbon steel
             
            低碳馬氏體low carbon?martensite
             
            低溫回火low tempering
             
            點陣常數grating constant, lattice constant
             
            電鍍electroplating, galvanize
             
            電弧噴涂electric arc spraying
             
            電子顯微鏡electron microscope
             
            定向結晶directional solidification S
             
            端淬試驗end quenching test
             
            斷口分析fracture analysis
             
            斷裂強度breaking strength, fracture strength
             
            斷裂韌性fracture toughness
             
            斷面收縮率contraction of cross sectional area,
             
            鍛造forge, forging, smithing
             
            多晶體polycrystal
             
            E
             
            二次硬化secondaryhardening
             
            二元合金binary alloy, two-component alloy
             
            F
             
            防銹的rust-proot, rust resistant
             
            非金屬non-metal, nonmetal
             
            非晶態amorphous stats
             
            分子鍵molecular bond
             
            分子結構molecular structure
             
            分子量molecular weight
             
            酚醛樹脂bakelite, phenolic resin
             
            粉末治金powder metallurgy
             
            粉末復合材料particulate composite
             
            腐蝕corrosion, corrode, etch, etching
             
            腐蝕劑corrodent, corrosive, etchant
             
            復合材料composite material
             
            G
             
            感應淬火inductionquenching
             
            剛度rigidity, stiffness
             
            鋼steel
             
            鋼板steel plate
             
            鋼棒steel bar
             
            鋼錠steel ingot
             
            鋼管steel tube, steel pipe
             
            鋼絲steel wire
             
            鋼球steel ball
             
            杠桿定理lever rule, lever principle
             
            高分子聚合物high polymer, superpolymer
             
            高合金鋼high alloy steel
             
            高錳鋼high manganess steel
             
            高頻淬火high frequency quenching
             
            高速鋼high speed steel ,quick-cutting steel
             
            高碳鋼high-carbon steel
             
            高碳馬氏體high carbon martensite
             
            高彈態elastomer
             
            高溫回火high tempering
             
            各向同性isotropy
             
            各向異性anisotropy, anisotropism
             
            工程材料engineering material
             
            工具鋼tool steel
             
            工業純鐵industrial pure iron
             
            工藝technology
             
            共價鍵covalent bond
             
            共晶體eutectic
             
            共晶反應eutectic reaction
             
            共析體eutectoid
             
            共析鋼eatectoid steel
             
            功能材料functional materials
             
            固溶處理solid solution treatment
             
            固溶強化solution strengthening
             
            固溶體solid solution
             
            固相solid phase
             
            光亮熱處理bright heat treatment
             
            滾珠軸承鋼ball bearing steel
             
            過飽和固溶體supersaturated solid solution
             
            過共晶合金hypereutectic alloy
             
            過共析鋼hypereutectoid steel
             
            過冷over-cooling, supercooling
             
            過冷奧氏體supercooled austenite
             
            過冷度degree of supercooling
             
            過熱overheat, superheat
             
            H
             
            焊接welding, weld
             
            航空材料aerial material
             
            合成纖維synthetic fiber
             
            合金鋼alloy steel
             
            合金化alloying
             
            合金結構鋼structural alloy steel
             
            黑色金屬ferrous metal
             
            紅硬性red hardness
             
            滑移slip, glide
             
            滑移方向glide direction, slip direction
             
            滑移面glide plane, slip plane
             
            滑移系slip system
             
            化合物compound
             
            化學氣相沉積chemical vapour eposition (CVD)
             
            化學熱處理chemical heat treatment
             
            J
             
            基體matrix
             
            機械混合物mechanical mixture
             
            機械性能mechanical property
             
            激光熱處理heat treatment with a laser beam
             
            激光laser
             
            激光熔凝laser melting and consolidation
             
            激光表面硬化surface hardening by laser beam
             
            加工硬化work hardening
             
            加熱heating
             
            膠粘劑adhesive
             
            結構材料structural material
             
            結晶crystallize, crystallization
             
            結晶度crystallinity
             
            金屬材料metal material
             
            金屬化合物metallic compound
             
            金屬鍵metallic bond
             
            金屬組織metal structure
             
            金屬結構metallic framework
             
            金屬塑料復合材料plastimets
             
            金屬塑性加工metal plastic?working
             
            金屬陶瓷metal ceramic
             
            金相顯微鏡metallographic microscope, metalloscope
             
            金相照片metallograph
             
            晶胞cell
             
            晶格crystal lattice
             
            晶格常數lattice constant
             
            晶格空位lattice vacancy
             
            晶粒crystal grain
             
            晶粒度grain size
             
            晶粒細化grain refining
             
            晶體結構crystal structure
             
            聚四氟乙烯polytetrafluoroethy lene (PTFE)
             
            聚合度degree of polymerization
             
            聚合反應polymerization
             
            絕熱材料heat-insulating material
             
            絕緣材料insulating material
             
            K
             
            抗拉強度tensile strength
             
            抗壓強度compression strength
             
            顆粒復合材料particle composite
             
            擴散diffusion, diffuse
             
            L
             
            老化aging
             
            萊氏體ledeburite
             
            冷變形cold deformation
             
            冷加工cold work, cold working
             
            冷卻cool, cooling
             
            冷作硬化cold hardening
             
            離子ion
             
            粒狀珠光體granular pearlite
             
            連續轉變曲線continuous cooling transformation(CCT) curve
             
            孿晶twin crystal
             
            孿生twinning, twin
             
            螺旋位錯helical dislocation
             
            洛氏硬度Rockwell hardness
             
            M
             
            馬氏體martensite (M)
             
            密排六方晶格close-packed xagonal lattice (C.P.H.)
             
            面心立方晶格face-centred cubic lattice (F.C.C.)
             
            摩擦friction
             
            磨損wear, abrade, abrasion
             
            模具鋼die steel
             
            Mf 點martensite finishing point
             
            Ms點martensite starting point
             
            N
             
            納米材料nanostructuredmaterials
             
            耐磨鋼wear-resisting steel
             
            耐磨性wearability, wear resistance
             
            耐熱鋼heat resistant steel , high temperature steel
             
            內耗internal friction
             
            內應力internal stress
             
            尼龍nylon
             
            粘彈性viscoelasticity
             
            凝固solidify, solidification
             
            扭轉強度torsional strength
             
            扭轉疲勞強度torsional fatigue strength
             
            P
             
            泡沫塑料foamplastics, expanded plastics
             
            配位數coordination number
             
            噴丸硬化shot-peening
             
            疲勞強度fatigue strength
             
            疲勞壽命fatigue life
             
            片狀馬氏體lamellar martensite, plate type martensite
             
            普通碳鋼ordinary steel, plain carbon steel
             
            Q
             
            氣體滲碳gas carburizing
             
            切變shear
             
            切削cut, cutting
             
            切應力shearing stress
             
            球化退火spheroidizing annealing
             
            球墨鑄鐵nodular graphite cast iron, spheroidal graphitecast iron
             
            球狀珠光體globular pearlite
             
            屈服強度yielding strength, yield strength
             
            屈強比yielding-to-tensile ratio
             
            屈氏體troolstite (T)
             
            去應力退火relief annealing
             
            R
             
            熱處理heat treatment
             
            熱加工hot work, hot working
             
            熱噴涂thermal spraying
             
            熱固性thermosetting
             
            熱塑性hot plasticity
             
            熱硬性 thermohardening
             
            柔順性flexibility
             
            人工時效artificial ageing
             
            刃具cutting tool
             
            刃型位錯edge dislacation, blade dislocation
             
            韌性toughness
             
            溶質solute
             
            溶劑solvent
             
            蠕變creep
             
            蠕墨鑄鐵quasiflake graphite cast iron
             
            軟氮化soft nitriding
             
            S
             
            掃描電鏡scanning electronmicroscope (SEM)
             
            上貝氏體upper bainite
             
            滲氮nitriding
             
            滲硫sulfurizing
             
            滲碳carburizing, carburization
             
            滲碳體cementite (Cm)
             
            失效failure
             
            石墨graphite (G)
             
            時間-溫度轉變曲線time temperaturetransformation (TTT) curve
             
            時效硬化age-hardening
             
            實際晶粒度actual grain size
             
            使用壽命service life
             
            使用性能usability
             
            樹枝狀晶dendrite
             
            樹脂resin
             
            雙金屬bimetal, duplex metal
             
            水淬water quenching, water hardening, water quench
             
            松弛relax , relaxation
             
            塑料plastics
             
            塑性plasticity, ductility
             
            塑性變形plastic deformation
             
            索氏體sorbite (S)
             
            T
             
            彈簧鋼spring steel
             
            彈性elasticity, spring
             
            彈性變形elastic deformation
             
            彈性極限elastic limit
             
            彈性模量elastic modulus
             
            碳素鋼carbon steel
             
            碳含量carbon content
             
            碳化物carbide
             
            碳素工具鋼carbon tool steel
             
            陶瓷ceramic
             
            陶瓷材料ceramic material
             
            體心立方晶格body-centered cubic lattice (B.C. C.)
             
            體型聚合物three-dimensional polymer
             
            調質處理quenching and tempering
             
            調質鋼quenched and tempered steel
             
            鐵碳平衡圖iron-carbon equilibrium diagram
             
            透明(結晶)陶瓷crystalline ceramics
             
            同素異構轉變allotropic transformation
             
            涂層coat, coating
             
            退火anneal, annealing
             
            托氏體troostite (T)
             
            W
             
            彎曲bend, bending
             
            完全退火full annealing
             
            微觀組織microstructure
             
            維氏硬度Vickers hardness
             
            未經變質處理的uninoculated
             
            溫度temperature
             
            無定形的amorphous
             
            物理氣相沉積physical vapour deposition (PVD)
             
            X
             
            下貝氏體lower bainite
             
            線型聚合物linear polymer
             
            纖維fibre, fiber
             
            纖維增強復合材料filament reinforced composite
             
            顯微照片metallograph,microphotograph, micrograph
             
            顯微組織microscopic structure, microstructure
             
            橡膠rubber
             
            相phase
             
            相變phase transition
             
            相圖phase diagram
             
            消除應力退火stress relief annealing
             
            形狀記憶合金Shape memory alloys
             
            形變deformation
             
            性能performance, property
             
            X射線結構分析X-ray structural analysis
             
            Y
             
            壓力加工press work
             
            亞共晶鑄鐵hypoeutectic cast iron
             
            亞共析鋼hypoeutectoid steel
             
            氧化物陶瓷oxide ceramics
             
            延伸率elongation percentage
             
            鹽溶淬火salt both quenching
             
            液相liquid phase
             
            應變strain
             
            應力stress
             
            應力場強度因子stress intensity factror
             
            應力松弛relaxation of stress
             
            硬質合金carbide alloy, hard alloy
             
            油淬oil quenching, oil hardening
             
            有機玻璃methyl-methacrylate, plexiglass
             
            有色金屬nonferrous metal
             
            勻晶uniform grain
             
            孕育處理inoculation, modification
             
            Z
             
            再結晶退火recrystallization annealing
             
            載荷load
             
            增強塑料reinforced plastics
             
            針狀馬氏體acicular martensite
             
            正火normalize, normalization
             
            致密度tightness
             
            支化型聚合物branched polymer
             
            智能材料intelligent materials
             
            中合金鋼medium alloy steel
             
            軸承鋼bearing steel
             
            軸承合金bearing alloy
             
            珠光體pearlite (P)
             
            柱狀晶體columnar crystal
             
            鑄造cast , foundry
             
            自然時效natural ageing
             
            自由能free energy
             
            組元component, constituent
             
            組織structure
             
            α鈦合金 αtitanium alloy

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